PRT IN OPERATIONAL UNITS
Sustaining phase PRT supports ARFORGEN. See AR 350-1 for a detailed description of the ARFORGEN model.
ARMY FORCE GENERATION
Army Force Generation uses a structured progression of increased unit readiness over time. This results in recurring periods of availability of trained, ready, and cohesive units prepared for operational deployment as specified in the Army Campaign Plan. The recurring structured progression of increasing unit readiness focuses on reset, train/ready, and available phases according to operational readiness cycles. With the potential to have shortened ARFORGEN cycles, commanders need to stay vigilant in planning and programming PRT that supports full spectrum operations.
Units returning from deployment are placed in the reset phase. Units usually remain in the reset phase for up to 180 days (6 months) for active component units and up to 365 days (12 months) for RC units. The goal is to achieve readiness status level of C1 as soon as possible. Typically, Soldiers in these units experience detraining or injury and may return less fit than before deployment. Special consideration must be given to this when planning PRT. Once the unit has stabilized and recovered, commanders and PRT leaders should conduct PRT assessments using foot marches, APFT, or unit readiness standards. This suggests an appropriate start point for regular PRT. For example, exercise sessions should first be conducted at a lower intensity, duration, and exercise volume. Sessions should increase progressively as Soldiers improve and regain their previous fitness levels. Initial PRT sessions should be no longer than 60 minutes in duration and progress to 90 minutes. See the sample reset schedule in this chapter for appropriate progression; sets and repetitions for strength and mobility activities; and sets, repetitions, pace, recovery, and total time in endurance and mobility activities.
Once units complete the reset phase, PRT leaders should continue to conduct strength and mobility activities and endurance and mobility activities two to three times per week each. The leaders select activities and drills under sustaining phase activities or supplemental PRT exercises, drills, and activities from the USAPFS website. Commanders and PRT leaders should continue to schedule PRT sessions that specifically enhance mission and C- or D-METL task performance. For example, emphasis should be placed on activities that involve wearing ACUs, boots, IOTV, ACH, and individual weapons. These activities include military movement drills 1 and 2, speed running, GD, CL 2, foot marching, combatives, and obstacle course negotiation. See the sample train/ready phase schedule in this chapter. Units identified within the train/ready phase have no set duration.
Units in the available phase should focus on activities and drills that support operational missions according to their C-METL or D-METL. See the sample available phase schedule in this chapter. This schedule can be repeated throughout the available phase until units are deployed. Once deployed to the theater of operations, units should continue to conduct PRT activities that are safe and appropriate to the operating environment. Commanders and PRT leaders may select activities and drills to ensure a balanced, progressive, integrated program that can be conducted safely within the constraints of the operating environment. Refer to paragraph 5-26 for a list of sustaining phase PRT exercises, drills, and activities.
Deployment to the theatre of operations may present limitations and constraints on the conduct of PRT. For this reason, special considerations must be taken when planning and conducting individual and collective PRT sessions. Typically, endurance and mobility activities such as sustained running are more negatively impacted than the conduct of strength and mobility activities. In areas where sustained running cannot be conducted, military movement drills, 30:60s, 60:120s, and 300-yd SR should be employed to maintain physical readiness. Commanders can also recommend the use of endurance training equipment (treadmills, elliptical trainers, steppers, and cycle ergometers) for individual and small unit training. Strength and mobility may be trained individually or collectively using the strength and mobility activities specified in Chapter 9. When training individually or in small groups, much benefit is gained by using strength STMs and equipment such as free weights. See the sample individual and collective deployment PRT schedule listed later in this chapter.