The purpose of running is to improve the overall conditioning of the Soldier by developing endurance. Endurance spans a continuum between aerobic and anaerobic systems. Aerobic endurance is developed by performing low to moderate intensity activities for a long duration. Anaerobic endurance is developed by performing high-intensity activities for a short duration, resting, and then repeating the sequence. Aerobic training alone does not fully prepare Soldiers for the functional endurance and strength requirements of WTBDs. The analysis of the physical demands needed to successfully accomplish WTBDs demonstrates a more significant requirement for anaerobic endurance. In order to train the complete spectrum of endurance, speed running, sustained running, and foot movement under load must be performed. The running activities described in this chapter may be performed individually or collectively. Table 10-1 describes endurance and mobility activities used in PRT. Table 10-2 describes endurance and mobility activities and the prescription of intensity, duration, and volume within the toughening and sustaining phases. In addition, Chapter 5, Planning Considerations, provides the template for commanders and PRT leaders to implement endurance and mobility activities into their PRT programs.
Table 10-1. Endurance and mobility activities
|Endurance and Mobility Activities |
|Military Movement Drills 1 and 2 (MMD 1&2) ||These drills dynamically prepare the body for more vigorous running activities and develop motor efficiency |
|30:60s and 60:120s ||30:60s and 60:120s improve the resistance to fatigue of the active muscles by repeatedly exposing them to high intensity effort. As a result of their increased anaerobic and aerobic endurance, Soldiers will be able to sustain performance of physically demanding tasks at a higher intensity for a longer duration. |
|300-yard Shuttle Run (SR) ||The 300-yard Shuttle Run develops the ability to repeatedly sprint after changing direction. It is an indicator of the Soldier’s anaerobic endurance, speed, and agility. |
|Hill Repeats (HR) ||Hill repeats are an effective means of developing explosive leg strength, anaerobic power and speed. |
|Ability Group Run (AGR) ||Ability group runs train Soldiers in groups of near-equal ability to sustain running for improvement in aerobic endurance. |
|Unit Formation Run (UFR) ||Unit formation runs are based on a time and distance that can be achieved with unit integrity and a display of unit cohesion. |
|Release Run (RR) ||Release runs combine the benefits of formation running and individual performance at higher training intensities. Soldiers will run in formation to a specified time (no more than 15 minutes), then are released to run as fast as they can back to the starting point. |
|Terrain Run (TR) ||Terrain running applies the Train as you will fight principle to PRT. Running through local training areas, over hills, and around obstacles improves mobility, endurance, and the ability to stop, start, and change direction. |
|Foot March (FM) ||Foot marching as a movement component of maneuver, is a critical Soldier physical requirement. Regular foot marching prepares Soldiers to successfully move under load. |
|Conditioning Obstacle Course (CDOC) ||Running the conditioning obstacle course for time challenges Soldiers’ strength, endurance, and mobility, improving individual movement techniques. |
|Endurance Training Machines (ETM) ||Use of endurance training equipment may be based on environmental constraints, safety for Soldiers on physical profile, and isolation of specific muscle groups to be trained during rehabilitation and reconditioning. |
Table 10-2. Endurance and mobility activity prescription
Running is conducted over a variety of terrain:
- Hardball (improved and unimproved roads).
- Grassy fields.
- Wooded areas.
- Tank trails.
The commander will specify the appropriate uniform based on the type of running activity to be performed. PRT uniforms appropriate for running include:
- ACUs and running shoes.
- ACUs and boots.
- ACUs with boots and fighting load.
Equipment used will be according to installation safety policy requirements (flashlights, reflective vests/bands, traffic cones, AGR route markers placed at ¼ mile intervals). The PRT leader and AI must monitor run time and pace during the conduct of running activities.
Formations used in unit running are squad, platoon, company, and battalion in column. Other types of running such as terrain running or speed running will be conducted in one or more columns as determined by the training area and installation safety standing operating procedures.